Both conventional medicine and alternative medicine practitioners agree that diabetes treatment heavily relies on lifestyle choices. Diabetes patients should maintain a healthy diet and commit to a workout schedule. A typical diabetic diet is low in starch and high in proteins and polyunsaturated fats.
Diabetes patients, who are healthy enough to exercise, should incorporate cardio exercise into their workout schedule. These exercises include running, riding a bicycle, and swimming. When exercising the body does not necessarily depend on insulin to transport glucose. Also, exercising lowers blood sugar levels. So exercising is a double-edged sword; it reduces blood sugar levels and helps the body to transport glucose.
Aside from lifestyle changes, diabetes treatments involve insulin injections, bariatric surgery, oral medicine, and sometimes organ transplant.
Type I diabetes patients depend on insulin for survival. The most common method of taking insulin is through injections. Other methods include an insulin pump, insulin pens, and oral medicine. A doctor helps the patient determine the best way to take insulin. People who fear injections find an insulin pump a good alternative.
Diabetes patients can take long-acting insulin or rapid-acting insulin. They also take other medications such as cholesterol-lowering drugs, aspirin, and high blood pressure drugs. Some doctors recommend Symlin (Pramlintide). This medication slows down the speed of digestion to allow the body enough time to process sugar.
Monitoring blood sugar levels
Diabetes Patients should track their blood sugar levels few times a week. Severe cases require tracking the levels few times a day. To avoid blood sugar spikes, hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia, eat a balanced diet and avoid skipping meals.
Low blood sugar is caused by consuming too much sugar and high levels of insulin. The following are the symptoms of low blood sugar, hypoglycemia;
- Dizziness and mind fog
- Profuse sweating
- Body weakness and trembling
High blood sugar is as a result of insufficient insulin. The following are the symptoms of high blood sugar, hyperglycemia;
- Unquenchable thirst
- Frequently urinating
- Foggy vision
- Rapid weight loss
There is a new diabetes treatment, Artificial Pancreas, which is in its proprietary stage. It tracks blood sugar levels and administers insulin accordingly.