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AIC Test

It’s a test used to measure the body’s glucose levels over a period of time usually 2-3 months. Two tests are compared to ensure accuracy. The AC1 level should be 5.7 and below. When the levels are 6.4 and above, one is referred to a prediabetic while glucose levels greater than 6.5 implies that one is diabetic.

Fasting Plasma Glucose

This test can also determine whether one is diabetic. A blood sample is taken a day after fasting the night before. Normal blood sugar level is below 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L). One is prediabetic if they have a blood sugar level that’s between 100-125mg/dL (5.6 and 6.9 mmol/L) while 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) could be an indicator for diabetes.

Oral Glucose Tolerance

It is a test done a day after fasting on the night prior to the test. One then drinks a sugary liquid then a test is done on the blood sugar levels in the course of two hours. Normal blood sugar level is below 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L). If the reading after two hours is between 140 and 199 mg/dL (7.8 and 11.0mmol/L) then one is prediabetic and if it’s above200mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) it’s an indication of diabetes.

Urine analysis

This is a test on urine to detect the presence of autoantibodies and ketones if Type I Diabetes is suspected. Autoimmune antibodies refer to the destructive immune system cells while ketones result from break down of fat tissue and muscle to produce energy.

People experiencing symptoms such as frequent urination, insatiable appetite, blurred vision, unexplained weight loss, tingling sensation and numbness in one’s hands, debilitating fatigue and if cuts and bruises take time to heal which may indicate a deviation in the blood sugar level should get tested. Even if one is diagnosed with diabetes they can be healthy again and find a solution such as by lifestyle modification.

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