The thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones that speed up or slow down the body’s metabolism. There are two major diseases affecting the thyroid gland that is hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. In hyperthyroidism, the metabolism rate increases and one might feel irritable, nervous and a rise in the pulse rate while in hypothyroidism, metabolism rate decreases which slows down activities like digestion and thinking. Thyroid dysfunction is thought to be the major cause of depression.
It’s an autoimmune disorder whereby the immune system attacks the thyroid gland thus inhibiting the production of thyroid hormones. According to Dr. Fasano, autoimmunity results from a combination of environmental triggers, intestinal permeability and genes. However, the main focus is on intestinal permeability since triggers are hard to uncover and genes can’t be changed.
In order to allay the symptoms of depression, it’s necessary to heal the gut and this begins by finding the root cause particularly deducing what causes the leaky gut and triggers. This can be done by determining the type of changes that help one feel better such as toxins.
Symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease
- Weight gain or inability to lose weight.
- Hair loss.
- Gut problems such as acid reflux and constipation.
- Depression, panic attacks and anxiety.
- Brain fag
Symptoms of depression and mood disorders
During the early stages of Hashimoto’s, the thyroid gland is attacked by the immune system then breaks down the thyroid causing an influx of thyroid hormones into the bloodstream thus leading to hyperthyroidism. Once the hormonal level goes high, it stabilizes and there’s no more production thus causing hypothyroidism.
In the late stages, one may manifest symptoms of depression, brain fag and apathy.
Thyroid conditions can imitate bipolar disorders
It is crucial for doctors and psychiatrists to figure out the root cause to avoid misdiagnoses because patients may present with symptoms of bipolar disorders or schizophrenia yet it’s a thyroid imbalance.